Recalling those who survived: Lists

The list below contains the names of Keidaners known to have survived the Holocaust, along with short biographic summaries where those could be obtained. The second list contains the names of young men who escaped the mass slaughter in Keidan, but fell in battle against the Nazis. The third contains the names of Jews who were deported from Keidan during the first period of Soviet rule in 1940 and early 1941.

On the next page are photographs taken in Keidan or elsewhere in the decades after the Holocaust, of survivors and their families as they reunited to commemorate their vanished community. The captions contain as much information as could be obtained, and may  include errors in identifications, dates, and descriptions. So we appeal to every attentive reader of these lines, who:

  • knows additional Keidaners not included in the lists, or
  • identifies those who remained “unidentified” in the photos, or
  • notices an error in the names, dates, or descriptions, or
  • can provide additional or missing information,

to help update and clarify these records. Email Aryeh (Leonard) Shcherbakov (ashcherbakov@hotmail.com) or Andrew Cassel (awcassel@gmail.com ).

 Survivors

  • Bernshtein, Yeshayahu (served in the 16th Lithuanian division, came to Israel, lived in Tel Aviv)
  • Bernshtein, Zerach (served in the 16th Lithuanian division, lived in Vilnius, came to Israel, lived in Bat Yam)
  • Bervits, Shimon (b.1917, married before the war and moved to Šiauliai, was in the Šiauliai ghetto, later in Dachau (his daughter was killed in ghetto, the wife perished in Stutthof). After the war, he returned to Šiauliai, and married again. His new wife, Tsyla, was also a survivor of the Šiauliai ghetto. From 1972 in Israel, passed away in 2005 in Holon)
  • Bigun, Solomon (lived in Vilnius) No additional information.
  • Bin,Yosef (served in the 16th Lithuanian division, came to the USA, Chicago)
  • Birger, Ben-Tsiyon (escaped the slaughter, was saved by the Lithuanian family in Kėdainiai, married a girl from this family, lived and passed away in Kėdainiai)
  • Blumberg, Lazar (b.1910, escaped from Kėdainiai, served in the 16th Lithuanian division, after the war lived in Vilnius, from 1971 in Israel, passed away in 2001 in Haifa)
  • Burshtein, Chaim (b.~1923, from Šėta, after the war lived in Vilnius, from the beginning of 80s in Israel, passed away around 2004 in Herzliya)
  • Burshtein, Liuba (b.~1925, Chaim’s wife, after the war lived in Vilnius, came with Chaim to Israel, passed away around 2015)
  • Dameretsky, Moshe (served in the 16th Lithuanian division, came to the USA, passed away there)
  • Dinershul, Yakov (b.~1923, served in the 16th Lithuanian division, after the war lived in Vilnius, came to Israel in 70s)
  • Dushkes, Brayna (Bronya) (after the war lived in Vilnius, came to Israel in 70s, lived and passed away in Haifa)
  • Dushkes, Basya (in marriage Kaplan, Benjamin Kaplan’s wife, see below)
  • Gamus, Eliyahu (b.1905 in Skaudvilė, served in the army of independent interwar Lithuania. Before the war lived and was evacuated from Kėdainiai. His newborn daughter Zhanna was killed on the way by a bomb, the wife Sarah (nee Lurie) was wounded. He served in the 16th Lithuanian division, after the war returned to Kėdainiai, stayed there until 1947 (his son Alexander, born in 1947, was probably the last Jewish child born in Kėdainiai), then moved to Vilnius. From 1978 in Israel, passed away in 1989 in Jerusalem)
  • Gel family (stayed in Lithuania, Kaunas ghetto, in 1944 was saved by the Lithuanian family. The head of the family, Israel Gel, and his wife Chasya were killed in May 1945 in Kėdainiai by Lithuanian partisans. Israel Gel’s grave can be found today at the old Jewish cemetery of Kėdainiai – probably the latest Jewish grave there. His two children, Rachel and Yakov, apparently survived)
  • Ginzburg, Liova (Leib, Aryeh) (b.1924, on June 23, 1941, escaped with a group of Jewish boys and young men. He served in the 16th Lithuanian division, was wounded, after the war lived in Vilnius, from 1957 in Israel, passed away in 1999 in Tel Aviv)
  • Ginzburg, Eliyahu (b.1914, escaped from Kaunas, after the war came to Vilnius, from 1972 in Israel, passed away in 2006 in Jerusalem)
  • Girshovich, Shmuel (b.1910, served in the Lithuanian army, later – Kaunas ghetto and Dachau concentration camp. Returned to Lithuania, lived in Kelmė, from 1979 in Israel, passed away in 1993 in Nazareth)
  • Goldberg, David (b.~1891, owned a taxi and transportation business, left Kėdainiai by car with his wife, son and two daughters. They succeeded to board the train in Kaunas, but he died from starvation in Uzbekistan around 1942)
  • Goldberg, Dora (David’s wife, b.~1892, left Kėdainiai with her husband and family, died from starvation in Uzbekistan around 1942), their children:
  • Goldberg, Leib (b.1912, served in the Red Army, lived in Vilnius, in 1979 came to Israel, passed away in 1984 in Holon)
  • Goldberg, Dina (in marriage Shklar) (b.1918, was in Kaunas ghetto, perished in Stutthof)
  • Goldberg, Leib (Liolik) (Dina’s son, b.1937, Kaunas ghetto, perished in Stutthof being 7-years-old)
  • Goldberg, Chana (Anna) (b.1922, Kaunas ghetto, escaped before liquidation of ghetto, stayed for a short time with the local family. In 1945 moved to Vilnius, from 1973 in Israel, passed away in 2006 in Jerusalem)
  • Goldberg, Chenya (Genia) (b.1924, escaped by car with her parents (see above), came to Vilnius around 1945, lived and passed away there around 2015)
  • Goldberg, Sonia (b.1925, escaped by car with her parents (see above), came to Vilnius, lived and passed away there around 2016)
  • Goldberg (Pirmaitis), Michael (Michke) (evacuated, returned as a Soviet partisan, lived in Šiauliai, later lived and passed away in Vilnius in 80s)
  • Grinberg, Aba-Yankel (b.1923, escaped from Kėdainiai with his relatives, the Shneid family. Served in the 16th Lithuanian division, was wounded three times and lost the knee. After the war lived in Vilnius, from 1972 in Israel, passed away in 2006 in Netanya)
  • Groidenz, David (lived in Rehovot) No additional information.
  • Groidenz, Rachel (lived in Rehovot) No additional information.
  • Gurvich, Leib-Yudel (Aryeh) (b.~1925, served in the 16th Lithuanian division, after the war lived in Kaunas, from 1969 in Israel, lived in Bat Yam, passed away in 1990)
  • Kagan, Efraim (served in the 16th Lithuanian division, after the war lived in Kaunas)
  • Kaganaitė, Guta (b.1914, before the war worked in Kaunas, married Moshe Shcherbakov from Simnas, escaped on foot from Kaunas, during the war stayed in Uzbekistan, after the war lived in Vilnius. From 1971 in Israel, passed away in 2003 in Bnei Brak)
  • Kantor, Shmuel (Mulya) (served in the 16th Lithuanian division, after the war lived in Vilnius, came to Israel, lived in Beer-Sheva)
  • Kaplan, Benjamin (served in the 16th Lithuanian division, came to Israel around 1969, lived in Beer-Sheva)
  • Karnovsky, Mordechai (b.1911, stayed in Kaunas ghetto and labor camp by Kėdainiai, in 1944 came back to Kėdainiai. In 1945, when his wife returned from Stutthof, escaped via Poland and Germany to Israel, passed away in 1997 in Tel Aviv)
  • Karnovsky, Ruth (in marriage Herson) (b.1941, his daughter, stayed in Kaunas ghetto, smuggled out and saved by the Lithuanian family, in 1944 re-united with her father and was brought by him to Kėdainiai. In 1945 was taken by her parents via Poland and Germany to Israel, lives in Tel Aviv)
  • Karnovsky (in marriage Gayer), Fanya (Kaunas ghetto, saved by the Lithuanian family, from 1972 in Israel, passed away in the kibbutz Nezer Sereni)
  • Katz, Chanan (b.1883, evacuated by train in 1941 with his son Berl and son’s family (see below), died in 1943, in Kirov, Russia)
  • Katz, Berl (b.1909, evacuated by train, worked in Kirov, returned in 1945 to Kėdainiai, but due to the insecure situation, in 1947 moved to Vilnius. In 1974 came to Israel, passed away in 1975 in Beer Sheva)
  • Katz, Menucha (b.1907, his wife). Berl and Menucha evacuated with their five children (see below):
  • Katz,Yakov (b.1928, all the rest – as above, passed away in Vilnius in 1984, his wife and son came to Israel in 1992, live in Netanya)
  • Katz, Tuvya (b.1930, evacuated by train, worked in Kirov, in 1945 returned to Kėdainiai, in 1947 moved to Vilnius. From 1973 in Israel, passed away in 1992 in Netanya)
  • Katz, Hirsh (b. 1933, evacuated by train, worked in Kirov, returned in 1945 to Kėdainiai, in 1947 moved to Vilnius. From 1974 in Israel, lives in Beer-Sheva)
  • Katz, Aharon (b.1936, as above, came to Israel in 1995, passed away in 2008 in Netanya)
  • Katz, Taybe (b.1938, died in 1943, in Kirov, Russia)
  • Krost, Moshe (b.1900, escaped with his wife and three sons from Keidan to the Šiauliai ghetto. The youngest one, Avraham, perished there during the children’s roundup. Moshe, his wife, and two sons were taken to Stutthof, where his second son, Beynish, age, 16, died from starvation. He and his eldest son were transferred later to Dachau, where they were liberated by the American Army. His wife survived in Stutthof, was liberated by the Red Army, and later was reunited with Moshe and her eldest son. The three of them eventually came to the USA and settled in Chicago.)
  • Kurlianchik, Shlomo (b.1921, escaped from Kėdainiai, served in the 16th Lithuanian division, after the war lived in Vilnius. From 1974 in Israel, passed away in 2012 in Netanya)
  • Lipman, Eliezer (b.1924, escaped on a bike, served in the 16th Lithuanian division, after the war lived in Kaunas. In 1956 emigrated to Poland and in 1957 came to Israel)
  • Lomkin, Berl (b.1914, escaped on a train, served in the 16th Lithuanian division, Vilnius, came to Israel in 1990, passed away in 2001)
  • Lomkin, Chaim-Liova (escaped on a train, served in the 16th Lithuanian division, Vilnius, came to Israel in 1991, passed away in Jerusalem)
  • Lomkin, Zelig (escaped on a train) No additional information.
  • Lomkin, Yakov (escaped, but was killed in 1941 on the way by a German bomb)
  • Mankovich, Chaim (b.~1921, from Šėta, from 1974-75 in Israel, lived in Netanya)
  • Munitz, Ben-Tsiyon (b.~1925, during the war was probably in the Kaunas ghetto, after the war lived in Vilnius, in 1957 came to Israel, later moved to the UK)
  • Ritz, Shlomo (served in the 16th Lithuanian division, came to Israel, lived in Petah Tikva)
  • Ritz, Moshe (served in the 16th Lithuanian division)
  • Ronder, Chaim (b.1902, at the start of the war stayed in Kėdainiai, escaped from the slaughter place, hid in the forests, later became a partisan. He survived the war, lived and passed away from the heart attack in 1964 in Kaunas, ten days before the date, when he was permitted to leave for Israel)
  • Ronder, Yudel (Yehuda) (b.1923, escaped on a bike, served in the 16th Lithuanian division, lived in Kaunas, passed away in 2016.)
  • Ronder, Ze’ev (Velvel) (b.1924, escaped on a bike, served in the 16th Lithuanian division, lived in Vilnius, from around 1957 in Israel, passed away in 1976 in Jerusalem)
  • Rozenberg, Aryeh (Fanya Turetskyte’s husband, came to Israel in 70s, lived in Rehovot)
  • Sandler, Chanoch (survived concentration camps, then Vilnius, from 1967 in Israel)
  • Shater, Pesach (b.1913, lived in Kaunas, was in the underground resistance in Kaunas ghetto, then in Dachau, came to Vilnius and passed away there in 1990)
  • Shlapobersky, Rachel (in marriage Ratner, b. 1912, a sister of Tzadok Shlapobersky, stayed in Kaunas ghetto, then in the Stutthof concentration camp, came to Vilnius, in 1959 went to Poland, in 1960 came to Israel, passed away in Haifa)
  • Shlapobersky, Rivka (in marriage Strichman, b.1940, a daughter of Eliyahu Shlapobersky (Tzadok’s brother), and a niece of Rachel. Was smuggled out of the Kaunas ghetto and saved by the Lithuanian family, then transferred to the orphanage belonging to a Catholic convent in Panevėžys. In 1945 was found by her aunt Rachel Shlapobersky. In 1959 moved with Rachel to Poland. From 1960 in Israel, lives in Haifa)
  • Shneid, Leib (Aba-Yankel Grinberg’s uncle, b.~1900, parted from his wife Chana and married again. His new wife and two children they had together, perished in the Kaunas ghetto. He was deported to Dachau, and after the war returned to Lithuania. In 1957 he went via Poland to Israel. Passed away in Netanya in the beginning of 80s)
  • Shneid, Chana (his divorced wife, escaped to Russia with three daughters. She arrived in Tashkent and died there from hunger together with one of her daughters, whose name we do not know). Except for this daughter, she had 4 more children:
  • Shneid, Aba-Yankel (b.1921, joined the 16thLithuanian Division, fell in battle on March 10, 1943, close to Oryol)
  • Shneid, Grunya (in marriage Tyomkin, b.~1922, joined the Red Army, After the war lived in Vilnius. Got married and in 1957 moved via Poland to Israel, later (before 1967) – to the USA)
  • Shneid, Chiena (Eva) (in marriage Krut, b.~1931. After her mother passed away, was accepted to an orphanage in Tashkent. After the war came to Vilnius. From 1971 in Israel, passed away around 2008 in Netanya)
  • Shneid, Gershon (b.~1924. Joined some Red Army unit and was wounded in the head on its retreat to Russia. He lost his consciousness, but was found and saved by some Lithuanian family. Married a girl from that family and lived as Lithuanian in some remote village, being sure that all the family was exterminated. Somewhere around 1964, he happened to be in Vilnius and made enquiry among Jews about his old Keidaner friend,Yakov Dinershul. He managed to find him and in such a way was re-united with his sister Eva. Although Eva left for Israel in 1971, he stayed in Lithuania and passed away there in the 90s)
  • Shneider, Kalman (b.1914, Kaunas ghetto, in 1944 before the liquidation of ghetto, with a group of friends escaped to the forest and survived. After the war lived in Vilnius, from 1990 in Israel, passed away in 2011 in Netanya)
  • Shneider, Moshe (b.1919, served in the 16th Lithuanian division, lived in Vilnius, passed away there in 1988)
  • Shneider, Tuvya (b.1923, escaped on a bike, served in the 16th Lithuanian division, lived in Vilnius, from 70s in Israel, lives in Rehovot)
  • Shneider, Moshe (b.~1925, escaped on a bike, served in the 16th Lithuanian division, lived in Vilnius, where he was a teacher of literature, in the 1980s came to Israel, lived and passed away in the beginning of 2000s in Rishon LeTsiyon)
  • Smolski, Shmuel (a Polish refugee from 1939, escaped from the slaughter place and stayed in the forests until 1944. Later married the Lithuanian girl and in 1945 moved to Poland, no information thereafter)
  • Teper, Chaim (served in the 16th Lithuanian division, lived in Vilnius)
  • Toker, Meir (b.1921, lived with his sister in Kėdainiai , escaped on a bike, served in the 16th Lithuanian division, after the war in Vilnius, from 1972 in Israel, passed away in 2012 in Holon)
  • Turetsky, Fanya (after the war lived in Vilnius, came to Israel in 70s)
  • Turetsky, Tanya (after the war lived in Vilnius, came to Israel in 70s, lived in Haifa)
  • Upnitsky, Avigdor (b.1911, evacuated, served in the 16th Lithuanian division, after the war lived in Vilnius. From 1976 in Israel, passed away in 1984 in Holon. His wife, Fanya, found herself with her little daughter Chana in the Kaunas ghetto. After the ghetto was liquidated, and before deportation to Stutthof, she saw her 3-year-old child, with tens of other children from the same transport, brought to a wooden structure by the railway station on a pretext to keep them warm. The building was then sealed and set on fire. Fanya survived the camp and returned to Lithuania after the war)
  • Upnitsky, Moshe (b.1915, joined the Lithuanian army, stayed in the Kaunas ghetto, later escaped and joined the antifascist partisans, was wounded, returned to the ghetto, later sent to Dachau. After the war came to Vilnius, from 1971 in Israel, passed away in 1998 in Bnei Brak)
  • Vinitsky, Yankel-Berl (b.1907, Kaunas, evacuated, was in the 16th Lithuanian division, lived in Vilnius, passed away there in 1977)
  • Vinitsky, Faivel (b.1912, Kaunas, ghetto, concentration camp, came to Vilnius, passed away there in 1979)
  • Wolpe, David (b.1908, in 1936 joined Lithuanian army, was in the Kaunas ghetto, from 1944 in Dachau concentration camp, later in the DP camps in Germany. Emigrated in 1951 to Johannesburg, where he passed away in 2006)
  • Wolpe, Avraham (brother of David Wolpe) (killed in the very beginning of the war)
  • Wolpe, Leizer (son of Avraham Wolpe, b.1929, Kaunas ghetto, concentration camp, passed away around 2008 in Zurich, Switzerland. While in hiding, he witnessed the murder of his father Avraham)
  • Yoffe, Hirsh (served in the 16th Lithuanian division, came to Israel)
  • Zaraisky (Groidentz), Raya and Bella (lived in Vilnius, came to Israel, lived in Rehovot)
  • Zilber, Yosef (Silber, Joseph) (b.1915, served in the Lithuanian Army, at the start of the war, escaped from Lithuania, served in the 16th Lithuanian division. After the war, while in Germany, deserted from the Red Army. In 1951 came to the USA, passed away in 2007 in Englewood, N.J.)

Other than those who were killed in battle, died in Russia or managed to leave Lithuania immediately after the war, we count only 69 from the list above who stayed in Lithuania after the war. Based on a number of unidentified men and women on the photographs presented below and those that due to the poor quality were not included in this document, we estimate that around 30 are still missing from the list.

Those who fell in battle

According to Eliezer Lipman, about 60 Keidaners served in the 16th Lithuanian division (see Keidan Memorial [Yizkor] book, page 265), fighting the Nazis. Some fell in battle. We will always remember their names. (From Keidan Memorial [Yizkor] book, page 268):

  • Bin, Michael
  • Berkovich
  • Dameretsky, Mendel
  • Dameretsky, Yankel
  • Dushkes, Feivel
  • Gladshtein, Yitzhak
  • Gorklan, Meir
  • Kaplan, Berl
  • Kaplan, Moshe
  • Levitan, Nachum
  • Merelevich
  • Rogov, Michael
  • Shneid, Aba-Yankel
  • Zisle, Moshe
  • Zisle, Shmuel

Those who were exiled to Siberia in 1940-41

  • Gadya, Roza (b.1894, in 1941 was exiled with her two children to Siberia, released in 1957 and returned to Lithuania)
  • Gadya, Rachel (a daughter, b. 1927, was exiled to Siberia, after the exile lived in Vilnius, came to Israel in 70s, lived and passed away in Rishon LeTsiyon)
  • Gadya, Yosef (a son, b.1929, was exiled to Siberia, after the exile lived in Vilnius, came to Israel in 70s, lived and passed away in Rishon LeTsiyon)
  • Gutman, Leib (a husband, b.1890, arrested in June 1941, sent to labor camp in Siberia, in addition, in 1943 sentenced to 5 years in labor camp)
  • Gutman, Rachel (a wife, b. 1902, in 1941 exiled to Biysk (Altay area), released in 1956)
  • Gutman, Riva (daughter, b. 1930, in 1941 exiled to Biysk (Altay area), released in 1956)
  • Jochelevich, Avraham (b.1920, from Pilėnai village by Kėdainiai, arrested on June 29, 1940, on November 29, 1940 sentenced to 3 years, on 17.10.1941 amnisted as a former Polish citizen and released).
  • Klibansky, Sheine-Rachel (b. 1878, on June 14, 1941, was arrested in Kaunas and exiled to Siberia with her two sons, passed away there in 1956)
  • Klibansky, Menachem (a son, b. 1912, on June 14, 1941, was arrested in Kaunas and exiled to Siberia, in 1956 was released and came to Vilnius, in 1969 left for Israel, passed away in 1994)
  • Klibansky, Gershon (a son, b. 1920, on June 14, 1941, was arrested in Kaunas and exiled to Siberia, released in 1957)
  • Volpert, Yudel (Yehuda) (a husband b.1891, arrested in 1940, exiled to Siberia, sentenced to five years of labor camp, after the camp, on December 24, 1945 transferred to Biysk (Altay area), where he passed away on February 13, 1957)
  • Volpert, Dvora (nee Leybenzon) (a wife, b. 1895, on June 14, 1941 exiled to Siberia, died in one of the transitions points in 1941)
  • Volpert, Frida (in marriage Mebel) (a daughter, b.1923, on June14, 1941 exiled to Siberia, released in 1956, came to Vilnius, from 1971 in Israel, lived in Bat Yam, passed away in 2019)
  • Volpert, Leyzer (a son, b.1927, exiled to Siberia, released in 1958, went to Crimea as was not allowed to return to Lithuania, from 1990 in Israel, lived in Bat Yam, passed away in 2018)
  • Volpe, first name unknown (arrested on June 14, 1941 exiled to Siberia)

Tracing those who survived: Images